Hyperopia (also known as farsightedness) is refractive condition found in children and adult, prevalently seen in children, in which the distant object appears to be clearer but the near objects fuzzy. This may be due to the decreased axial length of the eyeball (shorter eye than normal) or dioptric power of one or more of its refractive medium. Depending on grade whether moderate to severe it can lead to additional vision problems such as strabismus (squint), amblyopia (lazy eye).
Symptoms of Hyperopia
If you’re farsighted, you tend to have eyestrain, headaches, trouble focusing on near objects, squinting to see better. Other symptoms can be
– Blurring of vision
– Fatigue or a headache after prolonged near task such as reading
If you have these symptoms when you wear glasses or contacts, you may need a new prescription.
Most of the times People confuses Hyperopia with presbyopia, which also causes near vision problems but the underlying causes is an age.
How is it Diagnosed?
Your optometrist performs comprehensive eye exams and determines your hyperopia and other refractive error. people with this error generally visit eye care professionals with the complaints of visual disturbance while working on near.
Treatment Options Available:
Like myopia treatment farsightedness can be corrected with simple eyeglasses. If you’re cosmetically concerned then you can correct them with contacts and refractive surgery.
Correction with glasses?
The main principle of hyperopic correction is bringing the light rays back and makes them fall on the retina. so farsightedness is corrected with the convex (plus) lens. If your prescription begins with plus numbers, like +1.75 then you’re farsighted.
Surgery Options Available:
Types of surgeries for refractive errors,
1. LASIK, or laser in-situ keratomileusis.
2. PRK, or photorefractive keratectomy.
3. LASEK, or laser epithelial keratomileusis.
4. RLE stands for refractive lens exchange. Other names include PRELEX, clear lens exchange (CLE), clear lens extraction (CLE), and refractive lens replacement (RLR).
5. Investigational procedures, like Corneal Implants, can be the future correction of farsightedness.